Feng Guo*

Feng Guo

Professor, Biological Chemistry, University of California Los Angeles

(310)825-8972

Laboratory Address:
611 Charles E. Young Dr. E
Los Angeles, CA 90095

Work Address:
Boyer 202

Office Phone Number:
(310)206-4576

Affiliations

Director, Biochemistry, Biophysics & Structural Biology GPB Home Area
Member, Gene Regulation GPB Home Area, JCCC Gene Regulation Program Area

Research Interests

My research group is interested to understand how non-coding RNAs function by forming defined three-dimensional structures and by interacting with proteins. In particular, we are investigating how a class of small RNAs (called microRNA or miRNA) is processed in human. The projects will be investigated using X-ray crystallography, biochemistry and in vitro evolution methods. MiRNAs are involved in many important biological functions, and are emerged as a new class of oncogenes and tumor suppressors. They regulate the expression of many protein-coding genes by targeting their messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for degradation or translational repression. To become the short mature functional forms, the long primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) need to be specifically recognized and cleaved by a series of cellular processing factors. The first step of this processing pathway involves two protein factors, Drosha (a ribonuclease III family member) and DGCR8 (an RNA binding protein). We are characterizing the RNA binding and cleavage properties of these proteins, in the hope to use the knowledge to improve the algorithms to predict new miRNA genes and to design gene knockdown technologies by mimicking pri-miRNA. We recently found surprisingly that DGCR8 is a heme-binding protein and heme is likely involved in the regulation of miRNA processing. Our findings have important implications to the biological functions of miRNAs and heme, and to the pathogenesis and therapies of diseases such as cancers and Alzheimer’s disease.

Biography

Dr. Guo is a structural biologist and biochemist who joined the UCLA School of Medicine faculty in July 2004. He earned his B.S. in Biophysics at the Nankai University and M.S. in Physical Chemistry at the Peking University, both in China. Dr. Guo received his Ph.D. in Biochemistry and Biophysics at the University of Pennsylvania in 2000. In graduate school, he studied the Cre-loxP site-specific DNA recombination using X-ray crystallography. He was a postdoctoral fellow with Dr. Thomas Cech at the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he worked on the thermostability and crystal structure of large ribozymes. He has been on the faculty at UCLA since 2004. His ressearch group studies the molecular mechanism of RNA processing and develops therapeutics that target RNA.

Publications

A selected list of publications: