Steven C Cramer

Professor, Neurology, University of California Los Angeles

(424) 522-7273

Dr. Steven C. Cramer is a stroke neurologist and Professor of Neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is also the Medical Director of Research at California Rehabilitation Institute, co-PI of the NIH StrokeNet clinical trials network, Associate Editor at Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, and a Section Editor at the journal Stroke. Dr. Cramer also holds the Susan and David Wilstein Endowed Chair in Rehabilitation Medicine. His research focuses on neural repair after central nervous system injury in humans, with an emphasis on stroke and on recovery of movement. Treatments examined include robotics, cellular therapies, a monoclonal antibody, brain stimulation, drugs, and telehealth methods. A major emphasis is on translating new drugs and devices to reduce disability after stroke, and on developing biomarkers to individualize therapy for each person’s needs.

Education and Training

Massachusetts General Hospital6/1997Cerebrovascular Disease Fellowship
Massachusetts General Hospital6/1995Neurology Residency
UCLA6/1991Internal Medicine Residency
University of Southern CaliforniaMD6/1988Medicine
UC BerkeleyBA12/1983Neurobiology
Harvard Medical SchoolMMScClinical Investigation

Awards and Honors

  • Vision in Emergency Medical Services Award, Orange County, CA Emergency Medical Services, 2009.
  • Nicholas Foundation Prize, Nicholas Foundation, 2005.
  • Award for Excellence in Post-Acute Stroke Rehabilitation, American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2019.
  • Susan and David Wilstein Endowed Chair in Rehabilitation Medicine, UCLA, 2020.
  • Barbro B. Johansson Award in Stroke Recovery, World Stroke Organization, 2018.
  • Stroke Rehabilitation Award, American Heart Association, 2017.

Publications

  1. Aldridge CM, Braun R, Lohse K, de Havenon A, Cole JW, Cramer SC, Lindgren AG, Keene KL, Hsu FC, Worrall BB. Genome-Wide Association Studies of 3 Distinct Recovery Phenotypes in Mild Ischemic Stroke.. Neurology, 2024.
  2. Malakouti N, Serruya MD, Cramer SC, Kimberley TJ, Rosenwasser RH. Making Sense of Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Stroke.. Stroke, 2023.
  3. Stulberg EL, Sachdev PS, Murray AM, Cramer SC, Sorond FA, Lakshminarayan K, Sabayan B. Post-Stroke Brain Health Monitoring and Optimization: A Narrative Review.. Journal of clinical medicine, 2023.
  4. Holman EA, Cramer SC, STRONG Study Investigators. Lifetime and Acute Stress Predict Functional Outcomes Following Stroke: Findings From the Longitudinal STRONG Study.. Stroke, 2023.
  5. Olafson ER, Sperber C, Jamison KW, Bowren MD, Boes AD, Andrushko JW, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Cassidy JM, Conforto AB, Cramer SC, Dula AN, Geranmayeh F, Hordacre B, Jahanshad N, Kautz SA, Lo B, MacIntosh BJ, Piras F, Robertson AD, Seo NJ, Soekadar SR, Thomopoulos SI, Vecchio D, Weng TB, Westlye LT, Winstein CJ, Wittenberg GF, Wong KA, Thompson PM, Liew SL, Kuceyeski AF. Data-driven biomarkers outperform theory-based biomarkers in predicting stroke motor outcomes.. bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology, 2023.
  6. Taleb S, Lee JJ, Duncan P, Cramer SC, Bahr-Hosseini M, Su M, Starkman S, Avila G, Hochberg A, Hamilton S, Conwit RA, Saver JL. Essential information for neurorecovery clinical trial design: trajectory of global disability in first 90 days post-stroke in patients discharged to acute rehabilitation facilities.. BMC neurology, 2023.
  7. Lin DJ, Hardstone R, DiCarlo JA, Mckiernan S, Snider SB, Jacobs H, Erler KS, Rishe K, Boyne P, Goldsmith J, Ranford J, Finklestein SP, Schwamm LH, Hochberg LR, Cramer SC. Distinguishing Distinct Neural Systems for Proximal vs Distal Upper Extremity Motor Control After Acute Stroke.. Neurology, 2023.
  8. Cho Y, Hamm JM, Heckhausen J, Cramer SC. Downward adjustment of rehabilitation goals may facilitate post-stroke arm motor recovery.. Psychology & health, 2023.
  9. Smith JA, Tain R, Sharp KG, Glynn LM, Van Dillen LR, Henslee K, Jacobs JV, Cramer SC. Identifying the neural correlates of anticipatory postural control: A novel fMRI paradigm.. Human brain mapping, 2023.
  10. Saver JL, Duncan PW, Stein J, Cramer SC, Eng JJ, Lifshitz A, Hochberg A, Bornstein NM. EMAGINE-Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial for determining the efficacy of a frequency tuned electromagnetic field treatment in facilitating recovery within the subacute phase following ischemic stroke.. Frontiers in neurology, 2023.
  11. Liew SL, Schweighofer N, Cole JH, Zavaliangos-Petropulu A, Lo BP, Han LKM, Hahn T, Schmaal L, Donnelly MR, Jeong JN, Wang Z, Abdullah A, Kim JH, Hutton A, Barisano G, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Brodtmann A, Buetefisch CM, Byblow WD, Cassidy JM, Charalambous CC, Ciullo V, Conforto AB, Dacosta-Aguayo R, DiCarlo JA, Domin M, Dula AN, Egorova-Brumley N, Feng W, Geranmayeh F, Gregory CM, Hanlon CA, Hayward K, Holguin JA, Hordacre B, Jahanshad N, Kautz SA, Khlif MS, Kim H, Kuceyeski A, Lin DJ, Liu J, Lotze M, MacIntosh BJ, Margetis JL, Mataro M, Mohamed FB, Olafson ER, Park G, Piras F, Revill KP, Roberts P, Robertson AD, Sanossian N, Schambra HM, Seo NJ, Soekadar SR, Spalletta G, Stinear CM, Taga M, Tang WK, Thielman GT, Vecchio D, Ward NS, Westlye LT, Winstein CJ, Wittenberg GF, Wolf SL, Wong KA, Yu C, Cramer SC, Thompson PM. Association of Brain Age, Lesion Volume, and Functional Outcome in Patients With Stroke.. Neurology, 2023.
  12. Francisco GE, Engineer ND, Dawson J, Kimberley TJ, Cramer SC, Prudente CN, Pierce D, Tarver WB, Hinds RHA, Van de Winckel A, Yozbatiran N. Vagus Nerve Stimulation Paired With Upper-Limb Rehabilitation After Stroke: 2- and 3-Year Follow-up From the Pilot Study.. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 2023.
  13. de Havenon A, Bangad A, Skolarus LE, Aldridge CM, Braun RG, Cole JW, Cramer SC, Lindgren AG, Sunmonu NA, Worrall BB, Lohse KR. Understanding Patterns of Missingness in Acute Ischemic Stroke Trials: A Secondary Analysis of Pooled Participant-Level Follow-Up Data.. Stroke, 2023.
  14. Edwards D, Kumar S, Brinkman L, Ferreira IC, Esquenazi A, Nguyen T, Su M, Stein S, May J, Hendrix A, Finley C, Howard E, Cramer SC. Telerehabilitation Initiated Early in Post-Stroke Recovery: A Feasibility Study.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2023.
  15. Cramer SC, Lin DJ, Finklestein SP. Domain-Specific Outcome Measures in Clinical Trials of Therapies Promoting Stroke Recovery: A Suggested Blueprint.. Stroke, 2023.
  16. Young BM, Holman EA, Cramer SC, STRONG Study Investigators. Rehabilitation Therapy Doses Are Low After Stroke and Predicted by Clinical Factors.. Stroke, 2023.
  17. Vanderschelden B, Erani F, Wu J, de Havenon A, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. A Measure of Neural Function Provides Unique Insights into Behavioral Deficits in Acute Stroke.. Stroke, 2023.
  18. Young BM, Yadav R, Rana S, Kim WS, Liu C, Batth R, Sakthi S, Farahmand E, Han S, Patel D, Luo J, Ramsey C, Feldman M, Cardoso-Ferreira I, Holl C, Nguyen T, Brinkman L, Su M, Chang TY, Cramer SC. Wrist Proprioception in Adults with and without Subacute Stroke.. Brain sciences, 2022.
  19. Cramer SC, Richards LG, Bernhardt J, Duncan P. Cognitive Deficits After Stroke.. Stroke, 2022.
  20. Richards LG, Cramer SC. Therapies Targeting Stroke Recovery.. Stroke, 2022.
  21. Sanders Q, Chan V, Augsburger R, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Sharp K. Feasibility of home hand rehabilitation using musicglove after chronic spinal cord injury.. Spinal cord series and cases, 2022.
  22. Dawson J, Engineer ND, Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Ali R, O'Dell MW, Pierce D, Prudente CN, Redgrave J, Feng W, Liu CY, Francisco GE, Brown BL, Dixit A, Alexander J, DeMark L, Krishna V, Kautz SA, Majid A, Tarver B, Turner DL, Kimberley TJ. Vagus Nerve Stimulation Paired With Rehabilitation for Upper Limb Motor Impairment and Function After Chronic Ischemic Stroke: Subgroup Analysis of the Randomized, Blinded, Pivotal, VNS-REHAB Device Trial.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2022.
  23. Schwerz de Lucena D, Rowe JB, Okita S, Chan V, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ. Providing Real-Time Wearable Feedback to Increase Hand Use after Stroke: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.. Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), 2022.
  24. Hayward KS, Ferris JK, Lohse KR, Borich MR, Borstad A, Cassidy JM, Cramer SC, Dukelow SP, Findlater SE, Hawe RL, Liew SL, Neva JL, Stewart JC, Boyd LA. Observational Study of Neuroimaging Biomarkers of Severe Upper Limb Impairment After Stroke.. Neurology, 2022.
  25. Liew SL, Lo BP, Donnelly MR, Zavaliangos-Petropulu A, Jeong JN, Barisano G, Hutton A, Simon JP, Juliano JM, Suri A, Wang Z, Abdullah A, Kim J, Ard T, Banaj N, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Brodtmann A, Buetefisch CM, Cao L, Cassidy JM, Ciullo V, Conforto AB, Cramer SC, Dacosta-Aguayo R, de la Rosa E, Domin M, Dula AN, Feng W, Franco AR, Geranmayeh F, Gramfort A, Gregory CM, Hanlon CA, Hordacre BG, Kautz SA, Khlif MS, Kim H, Kirschke JS, Liu J, Lotze M, MacIntosh BJ, Mataró M, Mohamed FB, Nordvik JE, Park G, Pienta A, Piras F, Redman SM, Revill KP, Reyes M, Robertson AD, Seo NJ, Soekadar SR, Spalletta G, Sweet A, Telenczuk M, Thielman G, Westlye LT, Winstein CJ, Wittenberg GF, Wong KA, Yu C. A large, curated, open-source stroke neuroimaging dataset to improve lesion segmentation algorithms.. Scientific data, 2022.
  26. Cassidy JM, Mark JI, Cramer SC. Functional connectivity drives stroke recovery: shifting the paradigm from correlation to causation.. Brain : a journal of neurology, 2022.
  27. Zavaliangos-Petropulu A, Lo B, Donnelly MR, Schweighofer N, Lohse K, Jahanshad N, Barisano G, Banaj N, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Buetefisch CM, Byblow WD, Cassidy JM, Charalambous CC, Conforto AB, DiCarlo JA, Dula AN, Egorova-Brumley N, Etherton MR, Feng W, Fercho KA, Geranmayeh F, Hanlon CA, Hayward KS, Hordacre B, Kautz SA, Khlif MS, Kim H, Kuceyeski A, Lin DJ, Liu J, Lotze M, MacIntosh BJ, Margetis JL, Mohamed FB, Piras F, Ramos-Murguialday A, Revill KP, Roberts PS, Robertson AD, Schambra HM, Seo NJ, Shiroishi MS, Stinear CM, Soekadar SR, Spalletta G, Taga M, Tang WK, Thielman GT, Vecchio D, Ward NS, Westlye LT, Werden E, Winstein C, Wittenberg GF, Wolf SL, Wong KA, Yu C, Brodtmann A, Cramer SC, Thompson PM, Liew SL. Chronic Stroke Sensorimotor Impairment Is Related to Smaller Hippocampal Volumes: An ENIGMA Analysis.. Journal of the American Heart Association, 2022.
  28. Schuch CP, Lam TK, Levin MF, Cramer SC, Swartz RH, Thiel A, Chen JL. A comparison of lesion-overlap approaches to quantify corticospinal tract involvement in chronic stroke.. Journal of neuroscience methods, 2022.
  29. Erler KS, Wu R, DiCarlo JA, Petrilli MF, Gochyyev P, Hochberg LR, Kautz SA, Schwamm LH, Cramer SC, Finklestein SP, Lin DJ. Association of Modified Rankin Scale With Recovery Phenotypes in Patients With Upper Extremity Weakness After Stroke.. Neurology, 2022.
  30. Nami M, Thatcher R, Kashou N, Lopes D, Lobo M, Bolanos JF, Morris K, Sadri M, Bustos T, Sanchez GE, Mohd-Yusof A, Fiallos J, Dye J, Guo X, Peatfield N, Asiryan M, Mayuku-Dore A, Krakauskaite S, Soler EP, Cramer SC, Besio WG, Berenyi A, Tripathi M, Hagedorn D, Ingemanson M, Gombosev M, Liker M, Salimpour Y, Mortazavi M, Braverman E, Prichep LS, Chopra D, Eliashiv DS, Hariri R, Tiwari A, Green K, Cormier J, Hussain N, Tarhan N, Sipple D, Roy M, Yu JS, Filler A, Chen M, Wheeler C, Ashford JW, Blum K, Zelinsky D, Yamamoto V, Kateb B. A Proposed Brain-, Spine-, and Mental- Health Screening Methodology (NEUROSCREEN) for Healthcare Systems: Position of the Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics.. Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, 2022.
  31. Ito KL, Kim B, Liu J, Soekadar SR, Winstein C, Yu C, Cramer SC, Schweighofer N, Liew SL. Corticospinal Tract Lesion Load Originating From Both Ventral Premotor and Primary Motor Cortices Are Associated With Post-stroke Motor Severity.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2021.
  32. Cramer SC, See J, Liu B, Edwardson M, Wang X, Radom-Aizik S, Haddad F, Shahbaba B, Wolf SL, Dromerick AW, Winstein CJ. Genetic Factors, Brain Atrophy, and Response to Rehabilitation Therapy After Stroke.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2021.
  33. Richards LG, Cramer SC. Advances in Stroke Recovery Therapeutics.. Stroke, 2021.
  34. de Havenon A, Heitsch L, Sunmonu A, Braun R, Lohse KR, Cole JW, Mistry E, Lindgren A, Worrall BB, Cramer SC. Accurate Prediction of Persistent Upper Extremity Impairment in Patients With Ischemic Stroke.. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 2021.
  35. Vecchiarello N, Timmick SM, Cramer S. A framework for calculating orthogonal selectivities in multimodal systems directly from cell culture fluid.. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 2021.
  36. Liew SL, Zavaliangos-Petropulu A, Schweighofer N, Jahanshad N, Lang CE, Lohse KR, Banaj N, Barisano G, Baugh LA, Bhattacharya AK, Bigjahan B, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Brodtmann A, Buetefisch CM, Byblow WD, Cassidy JM, Charalambous CC, Ciullo V, Conforto AB, Craddock RC, Dula AN, Egorova N, Feng W, Fercho KA, Gregory CM, Hanlon CA, Hayward KS, Holguin JA, Hordacre B, Hwang DH, Kautz SA, Khlif MS, Kim B, Kim H, Kuceyeski A, Lo B, Liu J, Lin D, Lotze M, MacIntosh BJ, Margetis JL, Mohamed FB, Nordvik JE, Petoe MA, Piras F, Raju S, Ramos-Murguialday A, Revill KP, Roberts P, Robertson AD, Schambra HM, Seo NJ, Shiroishi MS, Soekadar SR, Spalletta G, Stinear CM, Suri A, Tang WK, Thielman GT, Thijs VN, Vecchio D, Ward NS, Westlye LT, Winstein CJ, Wittenberg GF, Wong KA, Yu C, Wolf SL, Cramer SC, Thompson PM, ENIGMA Stroke Recovery Working Group . Smaller spared subcortical nuclei are associated with worse post-stroke sensorimotor outcomes in 28 cohorts worldwide.. Brain communications, 2021.
  37. Cassidy JM, Wodeyar A, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. Coherent neural oscillations inform early stroke motor recovery.. Human brain mapping, 2021.
  38. McCrea MA, Cramer SC, Okonkwo DO, Mattke S, Paadre S, Bates D, Nejadnik B, Giacino JT. Determining minimally clinically important differences for outcome measures in patients with chronic motor deficits secondary to traumatic brain injury.. Expert review of neurotherapeutics, 2021.
  39. Stein J, Katz DI, Black Schaffer RM, Cramer SC, Deutsch AF, Harvey RL, Lang CE, Ottenbacher KJ, Prvu-Bettger J, Roth EJ, Tirschwell DL, Wittenberg GF, Wolf SL, Nedungadi TP. Clinical Performance Measures for Stroke Rehabilitation: Performance Measures From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.. Stroke, 2021.
  40. Bhat M, Mullerpatan A, Chen J, Holstein M, Ghose S, Li ZJ, Cramer S. Affinity precipitation of monoclonal antibodies using ELP-Z in the elution without resolubilization mode.. Journal of biotechnology, 2021.
  41. Braun RG, Heitsch L, Cole JW, Lindgren AG, de Havenon A, Dude JA, Lohse KR, Cramer SC, Worrall BB, GPAS Collaboration, Phenotyping Core. Domain-Specific Outcomes for Stroke Clinical Trials: What the Modified Rankin Isn't Ranking.. Neurology, 2021.
  42. Paik SM, Cramer SC. Predicting motor gains with home-based telerehabilitation after stroke.. Journal of telemedicine and telecare, 2021.
  43. Cho Y, Hamm JM, Heckhausen J, Cramer SC. The role of goal adjustment during rehabilitation from stroke.. Applied psychology. Health and well-being, 2021.
  44. de Havenon A, Tirschwell DL, Heitsch L, Cramer SC, Braun R, Cole J, Reddy V, Majersik JJ, Lindgren A, Worrall BB. Variability of the Modified Rankin Scale Score Between Day 90 and 1 Year After Ischemic Stroke.. Neurology. Clinical practice, 2021.
  45. Smith BW, Lobo-Prat J, Zondervan DK, Lew C, Chan V, Chou C, Toledo S, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Shaw S, Cramer SC. Using a bimanual lever-driven wheelchair for arm movement practice early after stroke: A pilot, randomized, controlled, single-blind trial.. Clinical rehabilitation, 2021.
  46. Lindgren AG, Braun RG, Juhl Majersik J, Clatworthy P, Mainali S, Derdeyn CP, Maguire J, Jern C, Rosand J, Cole JW, Lee JM, Khatri P, Nyquist P, Debette S, Keat Wei L, Rundek T, Leifer D, Thijs V, Lemmens R, Heitsch L, Prasad K, Jimenez Conde J, Dichgans M, Rost NS, Cramer SC, Bernhardt J, Worrall BB, Fernandez-Cadenas I, International Stroke Genetics Consortium. International stroke genetics consortium recommendations for studies of genetics of stroke outcome and recovery.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2021.
  47. Dawson J, Liu CY, Francisco GE, Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Dixit A, Alexander J, Ali R, Brown BL, Feng W, DeMark L, Hochberg LR, Kautz SA, Majid A, O'Dell MW, Pierce D, Prudente CN, Redgrave J, Turner DL, Engineer ND, Kimberley TJ. Vagus nerve stimulation paired with rehabilitation for upper limb motor function after ischaemic stroke (VNS-REHAB): a randomised, blinded, pivotal, device trial.. Lancet (London, England), 2021.
  48. Lin DJ, Erler KS, Snider SB, Bonkhoff AK, DiCarlo JA, Lam N, Ranford J, Parlman K, Cohen A, Freeburn J, Finklestein SP, Schwamm LH, Hochberg LR, Cramer SC. Cognitive Demands Influence Upper Extremity Motor Performance During Recovery From Acute Stroke.. Neurology, 2021.
  49. Lin DJ, Cramer SC. Principles of Neural Repair and Their Application to Stroke Recovery Trials.. Seminars in neurology, 2021.
  50. Kawabori M, Weintraub AH, Imai H, Zinkevych I, McAllister P, Steinberg GK, Frishberg BM, Yasuhara T, Chen JW, Cramer SC, Achrol AS, Schwartz NE, Suenaga J, Lu DC, Semeniv I, Nakamura H, Kondziolka D, Chida D, Kaneko T, Karasawa Y, Paadre S, Nejadnik B, Bates D, Stonehouse AH, Richardson RM, Okonkwo DO. Cell Therapy for Chronic TBI: Interim Analysis of the Randomized Controlled STEMTRA Trial.. Neurology, 2021.
  51. Cramer SC, Le V, Saver JL, Dodakian L, See J, Augsburger R, McKenzie A, Zhou RJ, Chiu NL, Heckhausen J, Cassidy JM, Scacchi W, Smith MT, Barrett AM, Knutson J, Edwards D, Putrino D, Agrawal K, Ngo K, Roth EJ, Tirschwell DL, Woodbury ML, Zafonte R, Zhao W, Spilker J, Wolf SL, Broderick JP, Janis S. Intense Arm Rehabilitation Therapy Improves the Modified Rankin Scale Score: Association Between Gains in Impairment and Function.. Neurology, 2021.
  52. Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Saver JL, Johnston KC, Mocco J, Lansberg MG, Savitz SI, Liebeskind DS, Smith W, Wintermark M, Elm JJ, Khatri P, Broderick JP, Janis S, NIH StrokeNet Recovery and Rehabilitation Group and the Acute Stroke Group*. The Utility of Domain-Specific End Points in Acute Stroke Trials.. Stroke, 2021.
  53. Cramer SC, Dodakian L, Le V, McKenzie A, See J, Augsburger R, Zhou RJ, Raefsky SM, Nguyen T, Vanderschelden B, Wong G, Bandak D, Nazarzai L, Dhand A, Scacchi W, Heckhausen J. A Feasibility Study of Expanded Home-Based Telerehabilitation After Stroke.. Frontiers in neurology, 2021.
  54. Podury A, Raefsky SM, Dodakian L, McCafferty L, Le V, McKenzie A, See J, Zhou RJ, Nguyen T, Vanderschelden B, Wong G, Nazarzai L, Heckhausen J, Cramer SC, Dhand A. Social Network Structure Is Related to Functional Improvement From Home-Based Telerehabilitation After Stroke.. Frontiers in neurology, 2021.
  55. Peterson C, Wong KH, Stulberg EL, Taylor K, Cramer SC, de Havenon AH. Effect of Premorbid Anxiolytic Medications on Ischemic Stroke Functional Outcome.. Stroke, 2021.
  56. Richards LG, Cramer SC. Advances in Stroke: Therapies Targeting Stroke Recovery.. Stroke, 2020.
  57. Wodeyar A, Cassidy JM, Cramer SC, Srinivasan R. Damage to the structural connectome reflected in resting-state fMRI functional connectivity.. Network neuroscience (Cambridge, Mass.), 2020.
  58. Lui KK, Nunez MD, Cassidy JM, Vandekerckhove J, Cramer SC, Srinivasan R. Timing of readiness potentials reflect a decision-making process in the human brain.. Computational brain & behavior, 2020.
  59. Mattke S, Cramer SC, Wang M, Bettger JP, Cockroft KM, Feng W, Jaffee M, Oyesanya TO, Puccio AM, Temkin N, Winstein C, Wolf SL, Yochelson MR. Estimating minimal clinically important differences for two scales in patients with chronic traumatic brain injury.. Current medical research and opinion, 2020.
  60. Wu J, Dodakian L, See J, Burke Quinlan E, Meng L, Abraham J, Wong EC, Le V, McKenzie A, Cramer SC. Gains Across WHO Dimensions of Function After Robot-Based Therapy in Stroke Subjects.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2020.
  61. Erani F, Zolotova N, Vanderschelden B, Khoshab N, Sarian H, Nazarzai L, Wu J, Chakravarthy B, Hoonpongsimanont W, Yu W, Shahbaba B, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. Electroencephalography Might Improve Diagnosis of Acute Stroke and Large Vessel Occlusion.. Stroke, 2020.
  62. Mullerpatan A, Kane E, Ghosh R, Nascimento A, Andersen H, Cramer S, Karande P. Single-step purification of a small non-mAb biologic by peptide-ELP-based affinity precipitation.. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 2020.
  63. Broderick JP, Elm JJ, Janis LS, Zhao W, Moy CS, Dillon CR, Chimowitz MI, Sacco RL, Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Johnston KC, Saver JL, Marshall RS, Brown D, Wintermark M, Elkind MSV, Kamel H, Tirschwell DL, Longstreth WT, Chervin RD, Adeoye OM, Barreto AD, Grotta JC, Ramey SL, Lo WD, Feng W, Schlaug G, Sheth KN, Selim M, Naidech AM, Lansberg MG, Lazar RM, Albers GW, Griffin JS, Sirline LP, Frasure J, Wright CB, Khatri P, NIH StrokeNet Investigators. National Institutes of Health StrokeNet During the Time of COVID-19 and Beyond.. Stroke, 2020.
  64. Dawson J, Engineer ND, Prudente CN, Pierce D, Francisco G, Yozbatiran N, Tarver WB, Casavant R, Kline DK, Cramer SC, Van de Winckel A, Kimberley TJ. Vagus Nerve Stimulation Paired With Upper-Limb Rehabilitation After Stroke: One-Year Follow-up.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2020.
  65. Coffman J, Marques B, Orozco R, Aswath M, Mohammad H, Zimmermann E, Khouri J, Griesbach J, Izadi S, Williams A, Sankar K, Walters B, Lin J, Hepbildikler S, Schiel J, Welsh J, Ferreira G, Delmar J, Mody N, Afdahl C, Cui T, Khalaf R, Hanke A, Pampel L, Parimal S, Hong X, Patil U, Pollard J, Insaidoo F, Robinson J, Chandra D, Blanco M, Panchal J, Soundararajan S, Roush D, Tugcu N, Cramer S, Haynes C, Willson RC. Highland games: A benchmarking exercise in predicting biophysical and drug properties of monoclonal antibodies from amino acid sequences.. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 2020.
  66. Liew SL, Zavaliangos-Petropulu A, Jahanshad N, Lang CE, Hayward KS, Lohse KR, Juliano JM, Assogna F, Baugh LA, Bhattacharya AK, Bigjahan B, Borich MR, Boyd LA, Brodtmann A, Buetefisch CM, Byblow WD, Cassidy JM, Conforto AB, Craddock RC, Dimyan MA, Dula AN, Ermer E, Etherton MR, Fercho KA, Gregory CM, Hadidchi S, Holguin JA, Hwang DH, Jung S, Kautz SA, Khlif MS, Khoshab N, Kim B, Kim H, Kuceyeski A, Lotze M, MacIntosh BJ, Margetis JL, Mohamed FB, Piras F, Ramos-Murguialday A, Richard G, Roberts P, Robertson AD, Rondina JM, Rost NS, Sanossian N, Schweighofer N, Seo NJ, Shiroishi MS, Soekadar SR, Spalletta G, Stinear CM, Suri A, Tang WKW, Thielman GT, Vecchio D, Villringer A, Ward NS, Werden E, Westlye LT, Winstein C, Wittenberg GF, Wong KA, Yu C, Cramer SC, Thompson PM. The ENIGMA Stroke Recovery Working Group: Big data neuroimaging to study brain-behavior relationships after stroke.. Human brain mapping, 2020.
  67. Cassidy JM, Wodeyar A, Wu J, Kaur K, Masuda AK, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. Low-Frequency Oscillations Are a Biomarker of Injury and Recovery After Stroke.. Stroke, 2020.
  68. Sanders Q, Chan V, Augsburger R, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Do AH. Feasibility of Wearable Sensing for In-Home Finger Rehabilitation Early After Stroke.. IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2020.
  69. Cramer SC. Recovery After Stroke.. Continuum (Minneapolis, Minn.), 2020.
  70. Cramer SC. Issues important to the design of stroke recovery trials.. The Lancet. Neurology, 2020.
  71. Mullerpatan A, Chandra D, Kane E, Karande P, Cramer S. Purification of proteins using peptide-ELP based affinity precipitation.. Journal of biotechnology, 2019.
  72. Chen Y, Chen Y, Zheng K, Dodakian L, See J, Zhou R, Chiu N, Augsburger R, McKenzie A, Cramer SC. A qualitative study on user acceptance of a home-based stroke telerehabilitation system.. Topics in stroke rehabilitation, 2019.
  73. Bernhardt J, Hayward KS, Dancause N, Lannin NA, Ward NS, Nudo RJ, Farrin A, Churilov L, Boyd LA, Jones TA, Carmichael ST, Corbett D, Cramer SC. A Stroke Recovery Trial Development Framework: Consensus-Based Core Recommendations from the Second Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2019.
  74. Lin DJ, Cloutier AM, Erler KS, Cassidy JM, Snider SB, Ranford J, Parlman K, Giatsidis F, Burke JF, Schwamm LH, Finklestein SP, Hochberg LR, Cramer SC. Corticospinal Tract Injury Estimated From Acute Stroke Imaging Predicts Upper Extremity Motor Recovery After Stroke.. Stroke, 2019.
  75. Bernhardt J, Hayward KS, Dancause N, Lannin NA, Ward NS, Nudo RJ, Farrin A, Churilov L, Boyd LA, Jones TA, Carmichael ST, Corbett D, Cramer SC. A stroke recovery trial development framework: Consensus-based core recommendations from the Second Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2019.
  76. Levy ML, Crawford JR, Dib N, Verkh L, Tankovich N, Cramer SC. Phase I/II Study of Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Intravenous Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Chronic Stroke.. Stroke, 2019.
  77. Cramer SC, Dodakian L, Le V, See J, Augsburger R, McKenzie A, Zhou RJ, Chiu NL, Heckhausen J, Cassidy JM, Scacchi W, Smith MT, Barrett AM, Knutson J, Edwards D, Putrino D, Agrawal K, Ngo K, Roth EJ, Tirschwell DL, Woodbury ML, Zafonte R, Zhao W, Spilker J, Wolf SL, Broderick JP, Janis S, National Institutes of Health StrokeNet Telerehab Investigators. Efficacy of Home-Based Telerehabilitation vs In-Clinic Therapy for Adults After Stroke: A Randomized Clinical Trial.. JAMA neurology, 2019.
  78. Ingemanson ML, Rowe JR, Chan V, Riley J, Wolbrecht ET, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Neural Correlates of Passive Position Finger Sense After Stroke.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2019.
  79. Kimberley TJ, Prudente CN, Engineer ND, Pierce D, Tarver B, Cramer SC, Dickie DA, Dawson J. Study protocol for a pivotal randomised study assessing vagus nerve stimulation during rehabilitation for improved upper limb motor function after stroke.. European stroke journal, 2019.
  80. Zhang L, Parasnavis S, Li Z, Chen J, Cramer S. Mechanistic modeling based process development for monoclonal antibody monomer-aggregate separations in multimodal cation exchange chromatography.. Journal of chromatography. A, 2019.
  81. Shreve L, Kaur A, Vo C, Wu J, Cassidy JM, Nguyen A, Zhou RJ, Tran TB, Yang DZ, Medizade AI, Chakravarthy B, Hoonpongsimanont W, Barton E, Yu W, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. Electroencephalography Measures are Useful for Identifying Large Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Emergency Department.. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 2019.
  82. Bernhardt J, Borschmann KN, Kwakkel G, Burridge JH, Eng JJ, Walker MF, Bird ML, Cramer SC, Hayward KS, O'Sullivan MJ, Clarkson AN, Corbett D, SRRR2 Collaboration. Setting the scene for the Second Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2019.
  83. Cramer SC. Intense rehabilitation therapy produces very large gains in chronic stroke.. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, 2019.
  84. Ingemanson ML, Rowe JR, Chan V, Wolbrecht ET, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Somatosensory system integrity explains differences in treatment response after stroke.. Neurology, 2019.
  85. Chen Y, Abel KT, Janecek JT, Chen Y, Zheng K, Cramer SC. Home-based technologies for stroke rehabilitation: A systematic review.. International journal of medical informatics, 2018.
  86. Chen Y, Abel KT, Cramer SC, Zheng K, Chen Y. Recovery in My Lens: A Study on Stroke Vlogs.. AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium, 2018.
  87. Lin DJ, Finklestein SP, Cramer SC. New Directions in Treatments Targeting Stroke Recovery.. Stroke, 2018.
  88. Cramer SC. Stimulating Dialogue Through Treatment of Poststroke Aphasia With Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation.. JAMA neurology, 2018.
  89. Kimberley TJ, Pierce D, Prudente CN, Francisco GE, Yozbatiran N, Smith P, Tarver B, Engineer ND, Alexander Dickie D, Kline DK, Wigginton JG, Cramer SC, Dawson J. Vagus Nerve Stimulation Paired With Upper Limb Rehabilitation After Chronic Stroke.. Stroke, 2018.
  90. Ito KL, Kumar A, Zavaliangos-Petropulu A, Cramer SC, Liew SL. Pipeline for Analyzing Lesions After Stroke (PALS).. Frontiers in neuroinformatics, 2018.
  91. Milot MH, Marchal-Crespo L, Beaulieu LD, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Neural circuits activated by error amplification and haptic guidance training techniques during performance of a timing-based motor task by healthy individuals.. Experimental brain research, 2018.
  92. Zhou RJ, Hondori HM, Khademi M, Cassidy JM, Wu KM, Yang DZ, Kathuria N, Erani FR, Dodakian L, McKenzie A, Lopes CV, Scacchi W, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. Predicting Gains With Visuospatial Training After Stroke Using an EEG Measure of Frontoparietal Circuit Function.. Frontiers in neurology, 2018.
  93. Robinson J, Roush D, Cramer S. Domain contributions to antibody retention in multimodal chromatography systems.. Journal of chromatography. A, 2018.
  94. Trasatti JP, Woo J, Ladiwala A, Cramer S, Karande P. Rational design of peptide affinity ligands for the purification of therapeutic enzymes.. Biotechnology progress, 2018.
  95. Raychev RI, Stradling D, Patel N, Gee JR, Lombardi DA, Moon JL, Brown DM, Pathak M, Yu W, Stratton SJ, Cramer SC. Evolution of a US County System for Acute Comprehensive Stroke Care.. Stroke, 2018.
  96. Quinlan EB, Dodakian L, See J, McKenzie A, Stewart JC, Cramer SC. Biomarkers of Rehabilitation Therapy Vary according to Stroke Severity.. Neural plasticity, 2018.
  97. Liew SL, Anglin JM, Banks NW, Sondag M, Ito KL, Kim H, Chan J, Ito J, Jung C, Khoshab N, Lefebvre S, Nakamura W, Saldana D, Schmiesing A, Tran C, Vo D, Ard T, Heydari P, Kim B, Aziz-Zadeh L, Cramer SC, Liu J, Soekadar S, Nordvik JE, Westlye LT, Wang J, Winstein C, Yu C, Ai L, Koo B, Craddock RC, Milham M, Lakich M, Pienta A, Stroud A. A large, open source dataset of stroke anatomical brain images and manual lesion segmentations.. Scientific data, 2018.
  98. Wolbrecht ET, Rowe JB, Chan V, Ingemanson ML, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ. Finger strength, individuation, and their interaction: Relationship to hand function and corticospinal tract injury after stroke.. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 2018.
  99. Cramer SC. Treatments to Promote Neural Repair after Stroke.. Journal of stroke, 2018.
  100. Cassidy JM, Tran G, Quinlan EB, Cramer SC. Neuroimaging Identifies Patients Most Likely to Respond to a Restorative Stroke Therapy.. Stroke, 2018.
  101. Wu J, Knapp F, Cramer SC, Srinivasan R. Electroencephalographic connectivity measures predict learning of a motor sequencing task.. Journal of neurophysiology, 2017.
  102. Dodakian L, McKenzie AL, Le V, See J, Pearson-Fuhrhop K, Burke Quinlan E, Zhou RJ, Augsberger R, Tran XA, Friedman N, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. A Home-Based Telerehabilitation Program for Patients With Stroke.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2017.
  103. Boyd LA, Hayward KS, Ward NS, Stinear CM, Rosso C, Fisher RJ, Carter AR, Leff AP, Copland DA, Carey LM, Cohen LG, Basso DM, Maguire JM, Cramer SC. Biomarkers of Stroke Recovery: Consensus-Based Core Recommendations from the Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2017.
  104. Bernhardt J, Hayward KS, Kwakkel G, Ward NS, Wolf SL, Borschmann K, Krakauer JW, Boyd LA, Carmichael ST, Corbett D, Cramer SC. Agreed Definitions and a Shared Vision for New Standards in Stroke Recovery Research: The Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable Taskforce.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2017.
  105. Bernhardt J, Borschmann K, Boyd L, Carmichael ST, Corbett D, Cramer SC, Hoffmann T, Kwakkel G, Savitz S, Saposnik G, Walker M, Ward N. Moving Rehabilitation Research Forward: Developing Consensus Statements for Rehabilitation and Recovery Research.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2017.
  106. Rowe JB, Chan V, Ingemanson ML, Cramer SC, Wolbrecht ET, Reinkensmeyer DJ. Robotic Assistance for Training Finger Movement Using a Hebbian Model: A Randomized Controlled Trial.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2017.
  107. Bosetti F, Koenig JI, Ayata C, Back SA, Becker K, Broderick JP, Carmichael ST, Cho S, Cipolla MJ, Corbett D, Corriveau RA, Cramer SC, Ferguson AR, Finklestein SP, Ford BD, Furie KL, Hemmen TM, Iadecola C, Jakeman LB, Janis S, Jauch EC, Johnston KC, Kochanek PM, Kohn H, Lo EH, Lyden PD, Mallard C, McCullough LD, McGavern LM, Meschia JF, Moy CS, Perez-Pinzon MA, Ramadan I, Savitz SI, Schwamm LH, Steinberg GK, Stenzel-Poore MP, Tymianski M, Warach S, Wechsler LR, Zhang JH, Koroshetz W. Translational Stroke Research: Vision and Opportunities.. Stroke, 2017.
  108. Juth V, Chan MK, Cramer SC, Holman EA. Assessing acute psychological distress in the immediate aftermath of stroke.. European journal of cardiovascular nursing, 2017.
  109. Bernhardt J, Hayward KS, Kwakkel G, Ward NS, Wolf SL, Borschmann K, Krakauer JW, Boyd LA, Carmichael ST, Corbett D, Cramer SC. Agreed definitions and a shared vision for new standards in stroke recovery research: The Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable taskforce.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2017.
  110. Boyd LA, Hayward KS, Ward NS, Stinear CM, Rosso C, Fisher RJ, Carter AR, Leff AP, Copland DA, Carey LM, Cohen LG, Basso DM, Maguire JM, Cramer SC. Biomarkers of stroke recovery: Consensus-based core recommendations from the Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2017.
  111. Stewart JC, Cramer SC. Genetic Variation and Neuroplasticity: Role in Rehabilitation After Stroke.. Journal of neurologic physical therapy : JNPT, 2017.
  112. McKenzie A, Dodakian L, See J, Le V, Quinlan EB, Bridgford C, Head D, Han VL, Cramer SC. Validity of Robot-Based Assessments of Upper Extremity Function.. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 2017.
  113. Cramer SC. Can allogeneic stem cells improve outcomes after stroke?. The Lancet. Neurology, 2017.
  114. Stewart JC, Dewanjee P, Tran G, Quinlan EB, Dodakian L, McKenzie A, See J, Cramer SC. Role of corpus callosum integrity in arm function differs based on motor severity after stroke.. NeuroImage. Clinical, 2017.
  115. Cramer SC, Enney LA, Russell CK, Simeoni M, Thompson TR. Proof-of-Concept Randomized Trial of the Monoclonal Antibody GSK249320 Versus Placebo in Stroke Patients.. Stroke, 2017.
  116. Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Adams HP, Chen D, Dromerick AW, Dunning K, Ellerbe C, Grande A, Janis S, Lansberg MG, Lazar RM, Palesch YY, Richards L, Roth E, Savitz SI, Wechsler LR, Wintermark M, Broderick JP. Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Research: Issues, Opportunities, and the National Institutes of Health StrokeNet.. Stroke, 2017.
  117. Cash D, Easton AC, Mesquita M, Beech J, Williams S, Lloyd A, Irving E, Cramer SC. GSK249320, A Monoclonal Antibody Against the Axon Outgrowth Inhibition Molecule Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein, Improves Outcome of Rodents with Experimental Stroke.. Journal of neurology and experimental neuroscience, 2016.
  118. Sharp KG, Gramer R, Page SJ, Cramer SC. Increased Brain Sensorimotor Network Activation after Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury.. Journal of neurotrauma, 2016.
  119. Chiu NL, Kaiser B, Nguyen YV, Welbourne S, Lall C, Cramer SC. The Volume of the Spleen and Its Correlates after Acute Stroke.. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association, 2016.
  120. Onishi K, Karimi DP, Hata J, Newcomb R, Cramer SC, Sharp K, Reinkensmeyer D, Adcock EM. The Badges Program: A Self-Directed Learning Guide for Residents for Conducting Research and a Successful Peer-Reviewed Publication.. MedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources, 2016.
  121. Yu Z, Prado R, Quinlan EB, Cramer SC, Ombao H. Understanding the Impact of Stroke on Brain Motor Function: A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach.. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2016.
  122. Treister AK, Hatch MN, Cramer SC, Chang EY. Demystifying Poststroke Pain: From Etiology to Treatment.. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation, 2016.
  123. Winstein CJ, Stein J, Arena R, Bates B, Cherney LR, Cramer SC, Deruyter F, Eng JJ, Fisher B, Harvey RL, Lang CE, MacKay-Lyons M, Ottenbacher KJ, Pugh S, Reeves MJ, Richards LG, Stiers W, Zorowitz RD, American Heart Association Stroke Council, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on . Guidelines for Adult Stroke Rehabilitation and Recovery: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.. Stroke, 2016.
  124. Cassidy JM, Cramer SC. Spontaneous and Therapeutic-Induced Mechanisms of Functional Recovery After Stroke.. Translational stroke research, 2016.
  125. Bernhardt J, Borschmann K, Boyd L, Thomas Carmichael S, Corbett D, Cramer SC, Hoffmann T, Kwakkel G, Savitz SI, Saposnik G, Walker M, Ward N. Moving rehabilitation research forward: Developing consensus statements for rehabilitation and recovery research.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2016.
  126. Juth V, Holman EA, Chan MK, Cramer SC. Genetics as a molecular window into recovery, its treatment, and stress responses after stroke.. Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research, 2016.
  127. MacDonald HJ, Stinear CM, Ren A, Coxon JP, Kao J, Macdonald L, Snow B, Cramer SC, Byblow WD. Dopamine Gene Profiling to Predict Impulse Control and Effects of Dopamine Agonist Ropinirole.. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 2016.
  128. Wu J, Srinivasan R, Burke Quinlan E, Solodkin A, Small SL, Cramer SC. Utility of EEG measures of brain function in patients with acute stroke.. Journal of neurophysiology, 2016.
  129. Stewart JC, Dewanjee P, Shariff U, Cramer SC. Dorsal premotor activity and connectivity relate to action selection performance after stroke.. Human brain mapping, 2016.
  130. Norman S, Dennison M, Wolbrecht E, Cramer S, Srinivasan R, Reinkensmeyer D. Movement Anticipation and EEG: Implications for BCI-Contingent Robot Therapy.. IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2016.
  131. Zondervan DK, Friedman N, Chang E, Zhao X, Augsburger R, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Home-based hand rehabilitation after chronic stroke: Randomized, controlled single-blind trial comparing the MusicGlove with a conventional exercise program.. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 2016.
  132. Dawson J, Pierce D, Dixit A, Kimberley TJ, Robertson M, Tarver B, Hilmi O, McLean J, Forbes K, Kilgard MP, Rennaker RL, Cramer SC, Walters M, Engineer N. Safety, Feasibility, and Efficacy of Vagus Nerve Stimulation Paired With Upper-Limb Rehabilitation After Ischemic Stroke.. Stroke, 2015.
  133. Bushnell C, Bettger JP, Cockroft KM, Cramer SC, Edelen MO, Hanley D, Katzan IL, Mattke S, Nilsen DM, Piquado T, Skidmore ER, Wing K, Yenokyan G. Chronic Stroke Outcome Measures for Motor Function Intervention Trials: Expert Panel Recommendations.. Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes, 2015.
  134. Kim DY, Quinlan EB, Gramer R, Cramer SC. BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism Is Related to Motor System Function After Stroke.. Physical therapy, 2015.
  135. Ingemanson ML, Rowe JB, Chan V, Wolbrecht ET, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ. Use of a robotic device to measure age-related decline in finger proprioception.. Experimental brain research, 2015.
  136. Ngo D, Sun Y, Genton MG, Wu J, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC, Ombao H. An exploratory data analysis of electroencephalograms using the functional boxplots approach.. Frontiers in neuroscience, 2015.
  137. Cramer SC. Drugs to Enhance Motor Recovery After Stroke.. Stroke, 2015.
  138. McCrimmon CM, King CE, Wang PT, Cramer SC, Nenadic Z, Do AH. Brain-controlled functional electrical stimulation therapy for gait rehabilitation after stroke: a safety study.. Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation, 2015.
  139. Mousavi Hondori H, Khademi M, Dodakian L, McKenzie A, Lopes CV, Cramer SC. Choice of Human-Computer Interaction Mode in Stroke Rehabilitation.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2015.
  140. Wu J, Quinlan EB, Dodakian L, McKenzie A, Kathuria N, Zhou RJ, Augsburger R, See J, Le VH, Srinivasan R, Cramer SC. Connectivity measures are robust biomarkers of cortical function and plasticity after stroke.. Brain : a journal of neurology, 2015.
  141. Liebeskind DS, Albers GW, Crawford K, Derdeyn CP, George MS, Palesch YY, Toga AW, Warach S, Zhao W, Brott TG, Sacco RL, Khatri P, Saver JL, Cramer SC, Wolf SL, Broderick JP, Wintermark M. Imaging in StrokeNet: Realizing the Potential of Big Data.. Stroke, 2015.
  142. Barbay S, Plautz EJ, Zoubina E, Frost SB, Cramer SC, Nudo RJ. Effects of postinfarct myelin-associated glycoprotein antibody treatment on motor recovery and motor map plasticity in squirrel monkeys.. Stroke, 2015.
  143. Riley JD, Fling BW, Cramer SC, Lin JJ. Altered organization of face-processing networks in temporal lobe epilepsy.. Epilepsia, 2015.
  144. Levy RM, Harvey RL, Kissela BM, Winstein CJ, Lutsep HL, Parrish TB, Cramer SC, Venkatesan L. Epidural Electrical Stimulation for Stroke Rehabilitation: Results of the Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized, Single-Blinded Everest Trial.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2015.
  145. Burke Quinlan E, Dodakian L, See J, McKenzie A, Le V, Wojnowicz M, Shahbaba B, Cramer SC. Neural function, injury, and stroke subtype predict treatment gains after stroke.. Annals of neurology, 2014.
  146. Zondervan DK, Augsburger R, Bodenhoefer B, Friedman N, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Machine-Based, Self-guided Home Therapy for Individuals With Severe Arm Impairment After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2014.
  147. Dodakian L, Campbell Stewart J, Cramer SC. Motor imagery during movement activates the brain more than movement alone after stroke: a pilot study.. Journal of rehabilitation medicine, 2014.
  148. Barton B, Treister A, Humphrey M, Abedi G, Cramer SC, Brewer AA. Paradoxical visuomotor adaptation to reversed visual input is predicted by BDNF Val66Met polymorphism.. Journal of vision, 2014.
  149. Burke E, Dobkin BH, Noser EA, Enney LA, Cramer SC. Predictors and biomarkers of treatment gains in a clinical stroke trial targeting the lower extremity.. Stroke, 2014.
  150. Caiozzo V, Cooper DM, Cramer S, Galassetti P, Mulnard R, Nguyen D, Ogunseitan D, Olshansky E, Pontello A, Schneider M. The institute for clinical and translational science at UC Irvine: building an inquisitive environment where everything is questioned and there is no status quo.. Clinical and translational science, 2014.
  151. Pearson-Fuhrhop KM, Dunn EC, Mortero S, Devan WJ, Falcone GJ, Lee P, Holmes AJ, Hollinshead MO, Roffman JL, Smoller JW, Rosand J, Cramer SC. Dopamine genetic risk score predicts depressive symptoms in healthy adults and adults with depression.. PloS one, 2014.
  152. Perez-Galarza J, Carlotti F, Rabelink MJ, Cramer S, Hoeben RC, Fibbe WE, van Pel M. Optimizing reporter constructs for in vivo bioluminescence imaging of interferon-γ stimulated mesenchymal stromal cells.. Experimental hematology, 2014.
  153. Burke E, Dodakian L, See J, McKenzie A, Riley JD, Le V, Cramer SC. A multimodal approach to understanding motor impairment and disability after stroke.. Journal of neurology, 2014.
  154. Milot MH, Spencer SJ, Chan V, Allington JP, Klein J, Chou C, Pearson-Fuhrhop K, Bobrow JE, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Corticospinal excitability as a predictor of functional gains at the affected upper limb following robotic training in chronic stroke survivors.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2014.
  155. Vu Q, Xie K, Eckert M, Zhao W, Cramer SC. Meta-analysis of preclinical studies of mesenchymal stromal cells for ischemic stroke.. Neurology, 2014.
  156. Cramer SC, Hill MD, REGENESIS-LED Investigators. Human choriogonadotropin and epoetin alfa in acute ischemic stroke patients (REGENESIS-LED trial).. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2014.
  157. Wu J, Srinivasan R, Kaur A, Cramer SC. Resting-state cortical connectivity predicts motor skill acquisition.. NeuroImage, 2014.
  158. McCrimmon CM, King CE, Wang PT, Cramer SC, Nenadic Z, Do AH. Brain-controlled functional electrical stimulation for lower-limb motor recovery in stroke survivors.. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference, 2014.
  159. Malcolm MP, Enney L, Cramer SC. Methods for an International Randomized Clinical Trial to Investigate the Effect of Gsk249320 on Motor Cortex Neurophysiology using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Survivors of Stroke.. Journal of clinical trials, 2014.
  160. Rowe JB, Friedman N, Chan V, Cramer SC, Bachman M, Reinkensmeyer DJ. The variable relationship between arm and hand use: a rationale for using finger magnetometry to complement wrist accelerometry when measuring daily use of the upper extremity.. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference, 2014.
  161. Savitz SI, Cramer SC, Wechsler L, STEPS 3 Consortium. Stem cells as an emerging paradigm in stroke 3: enhancing the development of clinical trials.. Stroke, 2013.
  162. Milot MH, Spencer SJ, Chan V, Allington JP, Klein J, Chou C, Bobrow JE, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ. A crossover pilot study evaluating the functional outcomes of two different types of robotic movement training in chronic stroke survivors using the arm exoskeleton BONES.. Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation, 2013.
  163. Sharp KG, Gramer R, Butler L, Cramer SC, Hade E, Page SJ. Effect of overground training augmented by mental practice on gait velocity in chronic, incomplete spinal cord injury.. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 2013.
  164. Gorrostieta C, Fiecas M, Ombao H, Burke E, Cramer S. Hierarchical vector auto-regressive models and their applications to multi-subject effective connectivity.. Frontiers in computational neuroscience, 2013.
  165. Stewart JC, Tran X, Cramer SC. Age-related variability in performance of a motor action selection task is related to differences in brain function and structure among older adults.. NeuroImage, 2013.
  166. Pearson-Fuhrhop KM, Cramer SC. Pharmacogenetics of neural injury recovery.. Pharmacogenomics, 2013.
  167. See J, Dodakian L, Chou C, Chan V, McKenzie A, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. A standardized approach to the Fugl-Meyer assessment and its implications for clinical trials.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2013.
  168. Eckert MA, Vu Q, Xie K, Yu J, Liao W, Cramer SC, Zhao W. Evidence for high translational potential of mesenchymal stromal cell therapy to improve recovery from ischemic stroke.. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 2013.
  169. Stewart JC, Cramer SC. Response to letter regarding article, "patient-reported measures provide unique insights into motor function after stroke".. Stroke, 2013.
  170. Hagerty MR, Isaacs J, Brasington L, Shupe L, Fetz EE, Cramer SC. Case study of ecstatic meditation: fMRI and EEG evidence of self-stimulating a reward system.. Neural plasticity, 2013.
  171. Pearson-Fuhrhop KM, Minton B, Acevedo D, Shahbaba B, Cramer SC. Genetic variation in the human brain dopamine system influences motor learning and its modulation by L-Dopa.. PloS one, 2013.
  172. Chandra D, Morrison CJ, Woo J, Cramer S, Karande P. Design of peptide affinity ligands for S-protein: a comparison of combinatorial and de novo design strategies.. Molecular diversity, 2013.
  173. Cramer SC, Abila B, Scott NE, Simeoni M, Enney LA, MAG111539 Study Investigators. Safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of escalating repeat doses of GSK249320 in patients with stroke.. Stroke, 2013.
  174. Stewart JC, Cramer SC. Patient-reported measures provide unique insights into motor function after stroke.. Stroke, 2013.
  175. Burke E, Cramer SC. Biomarkers and predictors of restorative therapy effects after stroke.. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 2013.
  176. Mousavi Hondori H, Khademi M, Dodakian L, Cramer SC, Lopes CV. A Spatial Augmented Reality rehab system for post-stroke hand rehabilitation.. Studies in health technology and informatics, 2013.
  177. Khademi M, Hondori HM, Dodakian L, Cramer S, Lopes CV. Comparing "pick and place" task in spatial Augmented Reality versus non-immersive Virtual Reality for rehabilitation setting.. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference, 2013.
  178. Bernhardt J, Cramer SC. Giant steps for the science of stroke rehabilitation.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2013.
  179. Chang EY, Chang EH, Cragg S, Cramer SC. Predictors of Gains During Inpatient Rehabilitation in Patients with Stroke- A Review.. Critical reviews in physical and rehabilitation medicine, 2013.
  180. Dodakian L, Sharp KG, See J, Abidi NS, Mai K, Fling BW, Le VH, Cramer SC. Targeted engagement of a dorsal premotor circuit in the treatment of post-stroke paresis.. NeuroRehabilitation, 2013.
  181. Lee JY, King C, Stradling D, Warren M, Nguyen D, Lee J, Riola MA, Montoya R, Patel D, Le VH, Welbourne SJ, Cramer SC. Influence of hematoma location on acute mortality after intracerebral hemorrhage.. Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging, 2012.
  182. McHughen SA, Cramer SC. The BDNF val(66)met polymorphism is not related to motor function or short-term cortical plasticity in elderly subjects.. Brain research, 2012.
  183. Pearson-Fuhrhop KM, Burke E, Cramer SC. The influence of genetic factors on brain plasticity and recovery after neural injury.. Current opinion in neurology, 2012.
  184. Reinkensmeyer DJ, Wolbrecht ET, Chan V, Chou C, Cramer SC, Bobrow JE. Comparison of three-dimensional, assist-as-needed robotic arm/hand movement training provided with Pneu-WREX to conventional tabletop therapy after chronic stroke.. American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation, 2012.
  185. Cramer SC, Stradling D, Brown DM, Carrillo-Nunez IM, Ciabarra A, Cummings M, Dauben R, Lombardi DL, Patel N, Traynor EN, Waldman S, Miller K, Stratton SJ. Organization of a United States county system for comprehensive acute stroke care.. Stroke, 2012.
  186. Do AH, Wang PT, King CE, Schombs A, Cramer SC, Nenadic Z. Brain-computer interface controlled functional electrical stimulation device for foot drop due to stroke.. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference, 2012.
  187. Cramer SC. Improving outcomes after stroke by LEAPS (Locomotor Experience Applied Post-Stroke) and bounds.. Stroke, 2011.
  188. Cramer SC. An overview of therapies to promote repair of the brain after stroke.. Head & neck, 2011.
  189. Nouri S, Cramer SC. Anatomy and physiology predict response to motor cortex stimulation after stroke.. Neurology, 2011.
  190. Cramer SC. Listening to fluoxetine: a hot message from the FLAME trial of poststroke motor recovery.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2011.
  191. McHughen SA, Pearson-Fuhrhop K, Ngo VK, Cramer SC. Intense training overcomes effects of the Val66Met BDNF polymorphism on short-term plasticity.. Experimental brain research, 2011.
  192. Caplan LR, Arenillas J, Cramer SC, Joutel A, Lo EH, Meschia J, Savitz S, Tournier-Lasserve E. Stroke-related translational research.. Archives of neurology, 2011.
  193. Riley JD, Moore S, Cramer SC, Lin JJ. Caudate atrophy and impaired frontostriatal connections are linked to executive dysfunction in temporal lobe epilepsy.. Epilepsy & behavior : E&B, 2011.
  194. Cramer SC, Sur M, Dobkin BH, O'Brien C, Sanger TD, Trojanowski JQ, Rumsey JM, Hicks R, Cameron J, Chen D, Chen WG, Cohen LG, deCharms C, Duffy CJ, Eden GF, Fetz EE, Filart R, Freund M, Grant SJ, Haber S, Kalivas PW, Kolb B, Kramer AF, Lynch M, Mayberg HS, McQuillen PS, Nitkin R, Pascual-Leone A, Reuter-Lorenz P, Schiff N, Sharma A, Shekim L, Stryker M, Sullivan EV, Vinogradov S. Harnessing neuroplasticity for clinical applications.. Brain : a journal of neurology, 2011.
  195. Brainin M, Norrving B, Sunnerhagen KS, Goldstein LB, Cramer SC, Donnan GA, Duncan PW, Francisco G, Good D, Graham G, Kissela BM, Olver J, Ward A, Wissel J, Zorowitz R, International PSS Disability Study Group. Poststroke chronic disease management: towards improved identification and interventions for poststroke spasticity-related complications.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2011.
  196. Cramer SC, Wu J, Hanson JA, Nouri S, Karnani D, Chuang TM, Le V. A system for addressing incidental findings in neuroimaging research.. NeuroImage, 2011.
  197. Riley JD, Le V, Der-Yeghiaian L, See J, Newton JM, Ward NS, Cramer SC. Anatomy of stroke injury predicts gains from therapy.. Stroke, 2010.
  198. Pearson-Fuhrhop KM, Cramer SC. Genetic influences on neural plasticity.. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation, 2010.
  199. Cramer SC. Stratifying patients with stroke in trials that target brain repair.. Stroke, 2010.
  200. Hachinski V, Donnan GA, Gorelick PB, Hacke W, Cramer SC, Kaste M, Fisher M, Brainin M, Buchan AM, Lo EH, Skolnick BE, Furie KL, Hankey GJ, Kivipelto M, Morris J, Rothwell PM, Sacco RL, Smith SC, Wang Y, Bryer A, Ford GA, Iadecola C, Martins SC, Saver J, Skvortsova V, Bayley M, Bednar MM, Duncan P, Enney L, Finklestein S, Jones TA, Kalra L, Kleim J, Nitkin R, Teasell R, Weiller C, Desai B, Goldberg MP, Heiss WD, Saarelma O, Schwamm LH, Shinohara Y, Trivedi B, Wahlgren N, Wong LK, Hakim A, Norrving B, Prudhomme S, Bornstein NM, Davis SM, Goldstein LB, Leys D, Tuomilehto J. Stroke: working toward a prioritized world agenda.. International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society, 2010.
  201. Hachinski V, Donnan GA, Gorelick PB, Hacke W, Cramer SC, Kaste M, Fisher M, Brainin M, Buchan AM, Lo EH, Skolnick BE, Furie KL, Hankey GJ, Kivipelto M, Morris J, Rothwell PM, Sacco RL, Smith SC, Wang Y, Bryer A, Ford GA, Iadecola C, Martins SC, Saver J, Skvortsova V, Bayley M, Bednar MM, Duncan P, Enney L, Finklestein S, Jones TA, Kalra L, Kleim J, Nitkin R, Teasell R, Weiller C, Desai B, Goldberg MP, Heiss WD, Saarelma O, Schwamm LH, Shinohara Y, Trivedi B, Wahlgren N, Wong LK, Hakim A, Norrving B, Prudhomme S, Bornstein NM, Davis SM, Goldstein LB, Leys D, Tuomilehto J. Stroke: working toward a prioritized world agenda.. Stroke, 2010.
  202. Hachinski V, Donnan GA, Gorelick PB, Hacke W, Cramer SC, Kaste M, Fisher M, Brainin M, Buchan AM, Lo EH, Skolnick BE, Furie KL, Hankey GJ, Kivipelto M, Morris J, Rothwell PM, Sacco RL, Smith SC, Wang Y, Bryer A, Ford GA, Iadecola C, Martins SC, Saver J, Skvortsova V, Bayley M, Bednar MM, Duncan P, Enney L, Finklestein S, Jones TA, Kalra L, Kleim J, Nitkin R, Teasell R, Weiller C, Desai B, Goldberg MP, Heiss WD, Saarelma O, Schwamm LH, Shinohara Y, Trivedi B, Wahlgren N, Wong LK, Hakim A, Norrving B, Prudhomme S, Bornstein NM, Davis SM, Goldstein LB, Leys D, Tuomilehto J, Stroke Synergium. Stroke: working toward a prioritized world agenda.. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 2010.
  203. Cramer SC. Brain repair after stroke.. The New England journal of medicine, 2010.
  204. Cramer SC, Fitzpatrick C, Warren M, Hill MD, Brown D, Whitaker L, Ryckborst KJ, Plon L. The beta-hCG+erythropoietin in acute stroke (BETAS) study: a 3-center, single-dose, open-label, noncontrolled, phase IIa safety trial.. Stroke, 2010.
  205. Riley JD, Franklin DL, Choi V, Kim RC, Binder DK, Cramer SC, Lin JJ. Altered white matter integrity in temporal lobe epilepsy: association with cognitive and clinical profiles.. Epilepsia, 2010.
  206. Yozbatiran N, Harness ET, Le V, Luu D, Lopes CV, Cramer SC. A tele-assessment system for monitoring treatment effects in subjects with spinal cord injury.. Journal of telemedicine and telecare, 2010.
  207. Cramer SC, Sampat A, Haske-Palomino M, Nguyen S, Procaccio V, Hermanowicz N. Increased prevalence of val(66)met BDNF genotype among subjects with cervical dystonia.. Neuroscience letters, 2009.
  208. Marchal-Crespo L, McHughen S, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ. The effect of haptic guidance, aging, and initial skill level on motor learning of a steering task.. Experimental brain research, 2009.
  209. Milot MH, Marchal-Crespo L, Green CS, Cramer SC, Reinkensmeyer DJ. Comparison of error-amplification and haptic-guidance training techniques for learning of a timing-based motor task by healthy individuals.. Experimental brain research, 2009.
  210. McHughen SA, Rodriguez PF, Kleim JA, Kleim ED, Marchal Crespo L, Procaccio V, Cramer SC. BDNF val66met polymorphism influences motor system function in the human brain.. Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991), 2009.
  211. Pearson-Fuhrhop KM, Kleim JA, Cramer SC. Brain plasticity and genetic factors.. Topics in stroke rehabilitation, 2009.
  212. Cramer SC, Dobkin BH, Noser EA, Rodriguez RW, Enney LA. Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of ropinirole in chronic stroke.. Stroke, 2009.
  213. Cramer SC. The VECTORS study: When too much of a good thing is harmful.. Neurology, 2009.
  214. Belayev L, Khoutorova L, Zhao KL, Davidoff AW, Moore AF, Cramer SC. A novel neurotrophic therapeutic strategy for experimental stroke.. Brain research, 2009.
  215. Lane TA, Garls D, Mackintosh E, Kohli S, Cramer SC. Liquid storage of marrow stromal cells.. Transfusion, 2009.
  216. Page SJ, Szaflarski JP, Eliassen JC, Pan H, Cramer SC. Cortical plasticity following motor skill learning during mental practice in stroke.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2009.
  217. Reinkensmeyer DJ, Maier MA, Guigon E, Chan V, Akoner O, Wolbrecht ET, Cramer SC, Bobrow JE. Do robotic and non-robotic arm movement training drive motor recovery after stroke by a common neural mechanism? Experimental evidence and a computational model.. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference, 2009.
  218. Cramer SC, Seitz RJ. Imaging functional recovery from stroke.. Handbook of clinical neurology, 2009.
  219. Cramer SC. Use of imaging in restorative stroke trials.. Stroke, 2008.
  220. Cramer SC. A window into the molecular basis of human brain plasticity.. The Journal of physiology, 2008.
  221. Milot MH, Cramer SC. Biomarkers of recovery after stroke.. Current opinion in neurology, 2008.
  222. Huda S, Rodriguez R, Lastra L, Warren M, Lacourse MG, Cohen MJ, Cramer SC. Cortical activation during foot movements: II effect of movement rate and side.. Neuroreport, 2008.
  223. Yozbatiran N, Alonso-Alonso M, See J, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Luu D, Motiwala RR, Pascual-Leone A, Cramer SC. Safety and behavioral effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in stroke.. Stroke, 2008.
  224. Lin JJ, Riley JD, Juranek J, Cramer SC. Vulnerability of the frontal-temporal connections in temporal lobe epilepsy.. Epilepsy research, 2008.
  225. Tafti MA, Cramer SC, Gupta R. Orthopaedic management of the upper extremity of stroke patients.. The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2008.
  226. Cramer SC. Repairing the human brain after stroke. II. Restorative therapies.. Annals of neurology, 2008.
  227. Orr EL, Lacourse MG, Cohen MJ, Cramer SC. Cortical activation during executed, imagined, and observed foot movements.. Neuroreport, 2008.
  228. Cramer SC. Repairing the human brain after stroke: I. Mechanisms of spontaneous recovery.. Annals of neurology, 2008.
  229. Westhout FD, Paré LS, Delfino RJ, Cramer SC. Slope of the intracranial pressure waveform after traumatic brain injury.. Surgical neurology, 2008.
  230. Brown JA, Lutsep HL, Weinand M, Cramer SC. Motor cortex stimulation for the enhancement of recovery from stroke: a prospective, multicenter safety study.. Neurosurgery, 2008.
  231. Cramer SC, Riley JD. Neuroplasticity and brain repair after stroke.. Current opinion in neurology, 2008.
  232. Takahashi CD, Der-Yeghiaian L, Le V, Motiwala RR, Cramer SC. Robot-based hand motor therapy after stroke.. Brain : a journal of neurology, 2007.
  233. Yozbatiran N, Der-Yeghiaian L, Cramer SC. A standardized approach to performing the action research arm test.. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 2007.
  234. Cramer SC, Parrish TB, Levy RM, Stebbins GT, Ruland SD, Lowry DW, Trouard TP, Squire SW, Weinand ME, Savage CR, Wilkinson SB, Juranek J, Leu SY, Himes DM. Predicting functional gains in a stroke trial.. Stroke, 2007.
  235. Cramer SC. The EXCITE trial: a major step forward for restorative therapies in stroke.. Stroke, 2007.
  236. Yang T, Malmquist G, Johansson BL, Maloisel JL, Cramer S. Evaluation of multi-modal high salt binding ion exchange materials.. Journal of chromatography. A, 2007.
  237. Cramer SC, Koroshetz WJ, Finklestein SP. The case for modality-specific outcome measures in clinical trials of stroke recovery-promoting agents.. Stroke, 2007.
  238. Kleim JA, Kleim ED, Cramer SC. Systematic assessment of training-induced changes in corticospinal output to hand using frameless stereotaxic transcranial magnetic stimulation.. Nature protocols, 2007.
  239. Hodics T, Cohen LG, Cramer SC. Functional imaging of intervention effects in stroke motor rehabilitation.. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 2006.
  240. Yozbatiran N, Cramer SC. Imaging motor recovery after stroke.. NeuroRx : the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics, 2006.
  241. Sanchez RJ, Liu J, Rao S, Shah P, Smith R, Rahman T, Cramer SC, Bobrow JE, Reinkensmeyer DJ. Automating arm movement training following severe stroke: functional exercises with quantitative feedback in a gravity-reduced environment.. IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2006.
  242. Cramer SC, Orr EL, Cohen MJ, Lacourse MG. Effects of motor imagery training after chronic, complete spinal cord injury.. Experimental brain research, 2006.
  243. Kleim JA, Chan S, Pringle E, Schallert K, Procaccio V, Jimenez R, Cramer SC. BDNF val66met polymorphism is associated with modified experience-dependent plasticity in human motor cortex.. Nature neuroscience, 2006.
  244. Brown JA, Lutsep HL, Weinand M, Cramer SC. Motor cortex stimulation for the enhancement of recovery from stroke: a prospective, multicenter safety study.. Neurosurgery, 2006.
  245. Takaya N, Yuan C, Chu B, Saam T, Underhill H, Cai J, Tran N, Polissar NL, Isaac C, Ferguson MS, Garden GA, Cramer SC, Maravilla KR, Hashimoto B, Hatsukami TS. Association between carotid plaque characteristics and subsequent ischemic cerebrovascular events: a prospective assessment with MRI--initial results.. Stroke, 2006.
  246. Cramer SC, Shah R, Juranek J, Crafton KR, Le V. Activity in the peri-infarct rim in relation to recovery from stroke.. Stroke, 2005.
  247. Cramer SC, Lastra L, Lacourse MG, Cohen MJ. Brain motor system function after chronic, complete spinal cord injury.. Brain : a journal of neurology, 2005.
  248. Cramer SC. Patent foramen ovale and stroke: prognosis and treatment in young adults.. Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis, 2005.
  249. Lacourse MG, Orr EL, Cramer SC, Cohen MJ. Brain activation during execution and motor imagery of novel and skilled sequential hand movements.. NeuroImage, 2005.
  250. Cramer SC, Crafton KR. Somatotopy and movement representation sites following cortical stroke.. Experimental brain research, 2005.
  251. Takahashi CD, Der Yeghiaian L, Cramer SC. Stroke recovery and its imaging.. Neuroimaging clinics of North America, 2005.
  252. Cramer SC, Benson RR, Himes DM, Burra VC, Janowsky JS, Weinand ME, Brown JA, Lutsep HL. Use of functional MRI to guide decisions in a clinical stroke trial.. Stroke, 2005.
  253. Cramer SC. Patent foramen ovale and its relationship to stroke.. Cardiology clinics, 2005.
  254. Cavendish JJ, Cramer SC, Graham GD. Role of antiplatelet therapy in cardiovascular disease II: Ischemic stroke.. Current medical research and opinion, 2004.
  255. Cramer SC. Functional imaging in stroke recovery.. Stroke, 2004.
  256. Nhan H, Barquist K, Bell K, Esselman P, Odderson IR, Cramer SC. Brain function early after stroke in relation to subsequent recovery.. Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 2004.
  257. Parisi MA, Pinter JD, Glass IA, Field K, Maria BL, Chance PF, Mahurin RK, Cramer SC. Cerebral and cerebellar motor activation abnormalities in a subject with Joubert syndrome: functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study.. Journal of child neurology, 2004.
  258. Atri A, Sherman S, Norman KA, Kirchhoff BA, Nicolas MM, Greicius MD, Cramer SC, Breiter HC, Hasselmo ME, Stern CE. Blockade of central cholinergic receptors impairs new learning and increases proactive interference in a word paired-associate memory task.. Behavioral neuroscience, 2004.
  259. Cramer SC. Changes in motor system function and recovery after stroke.. Restorative neurology and neuroscience, 2004.
  260. Baron JC, Cohen LG, Cramer SC, Dobkin BH, Johansen-Berg H, Loubinoux I, Marshall RS, Ward NS, First International Workshop on Neuroimaging and Stroke Recovery. Neuroimaging in stroke recovery: a position paper from the First International Workshop on Neuroimaging and Stroke Recovery.. Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland), 2004.
  261. Reinkensmeyer DJ, Emken JL, Cramer SC. Robotics, motor learning, and neurologic recovery.. Annual review of biomedical engineering, 2004.
  262. Cramer SC. Editorial comment--spasticity after stroke: what's the catch?. Stroke, 2003.
  263. Cramer SC, Rordorf G, Maki JH, Kramer LA, Grotta JC, Burgin WS, Hinchey JA, Benesch C, Furie KL, Lutsep HL, Kelly E, Longstreth WT. Increased pelvic vein thrombi in cryptogenic stroke: results of the Paradoxical Emboli from Large Veins in Ischemic Stroke (PELVIS) study.. Stroke, 2003.
  264. Bodwell JA, Mahurin RK, Waddle S, Price R, Cramer SC. Age and features of movement influence motor overflow.. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2003.
  265. Cramer SC, Benson RR, Burra VC, Himes D, Crafton KR, Janowsky JS, Brown JA, Lutsep HL. Mapping individual brains to guide restorative therapy after stroke: rationale and pilot studies.. Neurological research, 2003.
  266. Brown JA, Lutsep H, Cramer SC, Weinand M. Motor cortex stimulation for enhancement of recovery after stroke: case report.. Neurological research, 2003.
  267. Morrison SJ, Demorest SM, Aylward EH, Cramer SC, Maravilla KR. FMRI investigation of cross-cultural music comprehension.. NeuroImage, 2003.
  268. Cramer SC, Maki JH, Waitches GM, D'Souza N, Grotta JC, Burgin WS, Kramer LA. Paradoxical emboli from calf and pelvic veins in cryptogenic stroke.. Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging, 2003.
  269. Cramer SC. Editorial comment--Implementing results of stroke recovery research into clinical practice.. Stroke, 2003.
  270. Crafton KR, Mark AN, Cramer SC. Improved understanding of cortical injury by incorporating measures of functional anatomy.. Brain : a journal of neurology, 2003.
  271. Zemke AC, Heagerty PJ, Lee C, Cramer SC. Motor cortex organization after stroke is related to side of stroke and level of recovery.. Stroke, 2003.
  272. Cramer SC. Functional magnetic resonance imaging in stroke recovery.. Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America, 2003.
  273. Cramer SC. Clinical issues in animal models of stroke and rehabilitation.. ILAR journal, 2003.
  274. Cramer SC, Weisskoff RM, Schaechter JD, Nelles G, Foley M, Finklestein SP, Rosen BR. Motor cortex activation is related to force of squeezing.. Human brain mapping, 2002.